Traditional inhabitants and indigenous peoples are guarantors for the continued existence of natural areas. But the greed for resources does not stop, which is why the overexploitation of nature is increasing seemingly unchecked. Preventive mechanisms to protect indigenous peoples and local communities are crucial to halt this trend. Irresponsible business practices, state negligence and impunity for human rights violations that harm people and nature are leading to prolonged destruction of livelihoods, health risks, gender-based violence and ultimately to the undermining of efforts to take meaningful climate change mitigation measures. This webinar provides first-hand experience of the damage caused by the extractive industries in the Amazon and the Kolwezi copper-cobalt belt. The most important developments in international human rights law will be discussed with representatives from the world of politics.